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Public Financial Management

A robust public financial management system is the cornerstone for any government, particularly developing countries. Transparent and equitable public finances provide a platform for governments to deliver a strong enabling environment for business and effective public services. Our specialised team of professionals work in all aspects of the PFM cycle to enhance public financial management efficiency right from planning to resource allocation and spending. We ensure adequacy, appropriateness, economy, efficiency, effectiveness and equity in our progress.

We work with governments (national, provincial and counties), bilateral, multilateral and international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) for developing efficient systems and ensuring accountability in the management of limited public resources. We provide technical assistance on medium term expenditure reviews, budgeting, financial monitoring, feasibility studies and maintenance of financial records, thus working to strengthen public finances.

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Shantanu Das


  • DFID II Evaluation and Analysis for Tax Transformation (EATT), Ethiopia, (2019-2024)

    This project aims at transforming Ethiopia’s tax system so that the Ethiopian Government can fund more services for its population from its own revenues and become less dependent on aid, thereby harnessing the potential of the country’s booming economic growth. IPE Global is assessing the performance of the ongoing Tax System Transformation Programme for the Government of Ethiopia to help them support various reform initiatives namely, taxpayers’ database management, tax policy shifts, capacity building and IT infrastructure development. The assessment focusses on economic benefit analysis and distributional impacts of tax reforms in Ethiopia including, welfare gains through potential effects on GDP and employment.

  • DFID II Ethiopia Portfolio Assurance Programme, Phase 2 (EPAP 2), Ethiopia (2018-2021)

    EPAP 2 aims to identify, understand, address and assess the major governance, management and financial risks of DFID Ethiopia’s program portfolio. Further, it advises on actions to strengthen them thus helping maximise the programme’s development impact and demonstrate DFID’s commitment to value for money (VfM). IPE Global has been assigned to review the governance and financial management of partner organisations; strengthen monitoring & evaluation systems; provide flexible, targeted technical advice and contribute to building the capability of DFID Ethiopia staff, including, partner organizations, downstream partners and government departments. The assessment will result in improved control design and operating effectiveness of implementing partners and DFID Ethiopia by reducing the exposure of DFID funds to critical, high fraud and corruption risks, thereby increasing the chances of safeguarded funds reaching the intended beneficiaries. Additionally, efficiency will be improved by addressing governance and system flaws within the partner organisations and by streamlining the flow of funds to the beneficiaries.

  • DFID || Impact Evaluation of the Development Capital Investment (DCI) Intervention of the DFID India Private Sector Infrastructure Portfolio (2018-2021)

    This study aims to evaluate impact of capital intervention through debt and equity within DFID India’s private sector infrastructure portfolio. This is the first major study of its kind to look at the impact of DCI intervention of the DFID India’s private sector infrastructure portfolio. It aims to achieve twin objectives: (i) To test the feasibility and effectiveness of debt and equity instruments in promoting pro-poor private investments in infrastructure in India’s low income states while achieving developmental outcomes; (ii) To assess the pre-conditions (policy, regulation and institutional capacity) necessary for replicating these instruments in India and beyond. The scope of this three year evaluation contract comprises of baseline by end of year 1 (2018) and mid-term evaluation in year 3 (2020)

  • DFID II Mid Term Review (MTR) of its Partnership to Engage, Reform and Learn (PERL) Programme, Nigeria (2019)

    Supporting government and non-government partners in Borno and Yobe states to strengthen public accountability and governance of recovery process, the programme spreads across Federal/National level, Kaduna, Kano and Jigawa states; in the South East - South West regional hubs and in the North East (NE). Reaching over 70% of Local Government Areas in 35 plus states, the programme has influenced an increase in the state’s health budget allocation from 7.5% to 11.57%; a reduction in average turnaround time for processing and delivering drug orders; and a 20% increase in uptake of health services at night, in partnership with the DFID SOLAR Nigeria Project thus benefitting over 2 million Nigerians. The programme interventions hope to further improve access to the poor to maternal, neonatal and child health services in the state and benefit malnourished children.

    IPE Global supported DFID into providing an independent assessment of (a) how the programme had progressed against the original goals set out in the Business Case, and (b) the achievements, results and learning from implementing the PDIA approach. This assignment aimed at determining the areas requiring improvement, assessing opportunity for improving performance and advising DFID Nigeria for future programming models which support programme complementarity across the entire fourth generation portfolio.

  • UNICEF II LTA for provision of High quality Technical Expertise to UNICEF in the area of Public Finance for Children for service area 2 (2018-2020)

    The project aims to improve the use of domestic resources for important services to children. In over 100 countries, UNICEF has taken a hands-on approach to help governments make budget decisions that lead to adequate investment and continually improve budget equity, efficiency, effectiveness and transparency for greater impact. IPE Global has been empaneled by UNICEF under this Long Term Agreement (LTA) for working across two service areas – (i) To budget process to influence, plan, allocate, decide and improve financial flows to service delivery and spending performance for service area 2 and (ii) to empower citizens including children to participate in national and sub- national budgeting process for service area 3.

  • UNICEF II Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) Program Budget Capacity Assessment, Cambodia (2018-2019)

    Driven by the goal to upgrade Cambodia’s public financial managementsystem to match international standards, the Royal Government of Cambodia launched the Public Financial Management Reform Programme (PFMRP) to improve (i) budget credibility; (ii) financial accountability; (iii) budget policy
    linkages; and (iv) performance accountability. IPE Global conducted a thorough capacity assessment of key line ministries for formulation & execution of programme budget and developed a comprehensive
    capacity building plan for supporting the implementation of programme budget at the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), Royal Government of Cambodia. This included a detailed review of existing regulations, reports & training materials and proposing appropriate amendments for execution of the capacity development plan.

  • UNICEF II Budget Analysis of the 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16 Financial Data for the Select Counties and perform a National Level Analysis on the Identified Sectors of Health, Water, Education, Child Protection, Social Protection, Nutrition and HIV/AIDS, Kenya (2016-2017)

    UNICEF supported Kenya’s resolve to strengthen the social protection system through transitioning to a decentralised delivery of social protection programmes. To assess fund allocation post decentralisation, IPE Global conducted budget analysis of the financial data for the select11 counties and performed a national level analysis on the identified sectors of health, water, education, child protection, social protection, nutrition and HIV/AIDS. The budget analysis included a study of trends in gross sector allocations over the identified periods, trends in per capita sector allocations, allocation trends against key service indicators like enrollment levels and gross expenditure and budget absorption trends.

  • Centre for Good Governance and Public Policy, Department of Planning, GoU || Project Management Consultants (PMC) for Uttarakhand State Centre for Public Policy and Good Governance, Dehradun, Uttarakhand (2018-2020)

    Centre for Public Policy and Good Governance (CPPGG), is a think-tank, set up by Government of Uttarakhand (GOU), under the Planning Department, to provide support to GOU in improving research and analytics for preparing a better planning and policy framework. The PMC will work closely with CPPGG on a regular basis to ensure effective coordination and achievement of the targets of the GOU. The broad scope of work of the PMC shall include: (i) To select and prioritize the projects in the State; (ii) To coordinate with the relevant ministries of Government of India for projects being funded by it, and coordination with the stakeholder departments for such projects; (iii) To coordinate with various donor agencies for projects funded by them; (iv) To prepare development, sectoral, short-term, long-term and strategic plans; (v) To assist various Departments in formulation of various policies; (vi) To assist CPPGG in project formulation; (vii) Preparation of tender documents and evaluation; (viii) To study all the various schemes of the GoI and overlay it in the context of Uttarakhand and evaluate the possibilities of convergence across schemes so that projects are implemented in a holistic manner; (ix) Assist the CPPGG in monitoring the projects; and (x) Design and implementation of an MIS and tracking of the same to enhance efficiency and decision making.

  • UNDP, Bangladesh II Institutional and Financial Capacity Assessment of 11 Cities for NUPRP (2018-2020)

    NUPRP (National Urban Poverty Reduction Programme) is a six-year long programme that targets sustainable improvements in livelihoods and living conditions of the urban poor across towns and cities in Bangladesh. IPE Global is working to produce comprehensive institutional and financial capacity city assessment for 11 cities/towns in Bangladesh and developing their capacities. Based on the learnings of the assessment IPE will provide inputs for strengthening the framework for ULBs on financial management capacity and reforms.

  • The World Bank II Sub-National Public Expenditure Review (PER) in Health, Ethiopia (2019-2020)

    The project aims to assess utilization of public health expenditure (both on and off-budget resources) at a decentralized level. The project looks at examining the performance of public expenditure planning, allocation and execution processes to ensure the financing of the provision of health care services at each level of government administration. This is the first sub-national PER conducted in Ethiopia.

    IPE Global conducted a study that aims at: Analyzing the trends, levels and composition of health spending at regional and Woreda level, both on and off-budget resources; Assessing the efficiency of health spending, including allocative efficiency and technical efficiency on issues related to budget execution, financial management information systems in the health sector and productivity of health services at regional, Woreda and HF level; Assessing equity of public and external resources, including resource allocation patterns of block-grants and external funding at regional and Woreda level; Providing recommendation to improve domestic resource mobilization as well as equity and efficiency of public and external expenditures; Recommending ways to improve financial management systems and budget execution at the lower level administration. The study also focused on equity aspects including gender equity.

  • The World Bank II Lesotho Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) and Quantitative Service Delivery Survey (QSDS) in the Health Sector, Lesotho (2015-2016)

    The Government of Lesotho aimed at improving the efficiency and effectiveness of its various programmes in the health sector, particularly with regards to the HIV/AIDS crisis, TB and the worsening maternal & infant mortality outcomes as well as the ineffective & inefficient funds allocation to intended beneficiaries and priorities with regard to effective prevention and mitigation. IPE Global conducted the Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) and Quantitative Service Delivery Survey (QSDS) for the Government of Lesotho to analyse the trends in health expenditure versus identified health priorities of the Government of Lesotho, to identify inefficiencies & leakages at different levels and to identify the challenges and bottlenecks in resource allocation & assessment of service delivery in selected health facilities. Besides, the study assessed the feasibility of scaling up the Performance-Based Financing (PBF) especially in Maternal & Newborn Health, within the existing fiscal environment.

  • The World Bank II Provision of Regional Technical Advisory Services on Local Level Public Financial Management (PFM), Ghana (2013-2016)

    The project aimed to strengthen the inter-governmental fiscal framework and local public financial management and accountability for improved infrastructure and services in urban assemblies in Ghana. IPE Global supported 10 local governments in Ghana in implementing and institutionalising best PFM practices at the local government and municipal level through strategic, technical and capacity building support in the five core PFM areas of Budgeting Reforms: Financial Reporting & Auditing; Revenue Enhancement & Management; Asset Management; and Transparency & Accountability. The support was provided through three windows of: (i) Generic Training; (ii) Regional Technical Advisory Teams (RTATs); and (iii) Capacity Support Fund.

  • CIFF/ Government of RRajasthan (GoR) || RajKosh: Rajasthan Innovative financing for Women, Girls and Children, (2018-2019)

    This program presents a catalytic opportunity - for a relatively modest financial contribution from Govt. of Rajasthan & CIFF – to build sustainability of welfare programmes for millions of women, girls and children in Rajasthan through innovative financing approaches and improve effectiveness of government spending. The project will primarily work across following three workstreams: (i) Improve the effectiveness of spending through ‘scheme rationalisation’ exercise. (ii) Operationalize the ‘Special Purpose Vehicle’ (SPV) (iii) Raise financial resources - at least $8 million by end of this investment period.

  • The United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) || Mid-term evaluation of Shaping Inclusive Finance Transformation (SHIFT) programme in ASEAN region Myanmar, Cambodia (2018)

    The Shaping Inclusive Finance Transformations (SHIFT) program aims to broaden and improve financial inclusion to enable target groups to be active agents of the formal economy. SHIFT seeks to provide increased income and employment, and reduce vulnerability to financial shocks by deepening access to well-regulated financial products targeted at the low income population, especially women. The program is expected to contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, in particular SDG goal 1 and 5.

    IPE Global conducted a mid-term evaluation over a period of three months to provide: a) programmatic learning to inform and guide program implementation and/or strategy, and b) assessment of results (to learn what is working / likely to work, why and for whom).

  • European Union (EU)/ Mott Macdonald Limited || Monitoring of Sector Policy Support Programme Education (SPSP-E), and related services, India (2015-2017)

    Purpose was to provide periodic thorough assessments of progress in education sector, public financial management and macro-economic stability, in support of the tranche releases to the Government of India. As a part of this, Public Financial Management Annual Monitoring Report for India for FY 2015-16 was prepared, which strictly followed the template of EU Budget Support Guidelines of 2012. The report for FY 2015-16 was also used for one tranche release under the State Partnership Programme with Rajasthan. Besides, it entailed preparation of annual report on the ‘Development of the Macro-economic Policy in India.’ 

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