MD Writes...

Things change, and yet remain the same. As we step into yet another new financial year (2013-14), we would start again to not only achieve, but even better our earlier performances. I hope IPE will continue to flow on towards development, enriching the momentum with Innovation, Passion and Perseverance. Our Wallpaper for this month shows the same. Even though the flowing river appears to be constant, the water in it is changing every minute, every second. Wish you all the very best for the coming year...
- Ashwajit Singh



Editorial

Dear Subhashish
We are back! We will continue to bring to you the latest development updates from India and around the world. The Global HDR 2013 is out in March, which shows that India is one of the 40 developing countries who have done better than expected. You can also have a look at this year's union budget along with some very interesting papers on food price stabilization and meeting the demographic dividend. The health updates on polio, under-5 mortality and TB also complement India's developing trend.

 - Abdul Rahim & Anindita Roy

Human Development Report 2013 - The unprecedented rise of the South

The 2013 Human Development Report  by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) was released in March, 2013 titled "The rising of the South: Human progress in Diverse World". The report emphasizes the unprecedented growth of developing countries, which is propelling millions out of poverty and reshaping the global system. More than 40 developing countries have made greater human development gains in the recent decades than would have been predicted. India and China doubled per capita economic output in less than 20 years for example. Looking specifically at countries which lifted their HDI value substantially between 1990 and 2012 on both the income and non-income dimensions of human development, the Report examines the strategies which enabled them to perform well. In this respect, the 2013 Report makes a significant contribution to development thinking by describing specific drivers of development transformation and by suggesting future policy priorities that could help sustain such momentum.Besides, the Report underlined south-south cooperation as the key factor in boosting such development.
The 2013 Report identifies four specific areas of focus for sustaining development momentum:      
  • enhancing equity, including on the gender dimension;   
  • enabling greater voice and participation of citizens, including youth;
  • confronting environmental pressures;
  • managing demographic change.
India has been ranked 136th out of 187 countries on its Human Development Index (HDI) in 2013 Report compare to 134th out of 187 countries in 2011 Report. On the positive side, India’s HDI value went up from 0.345 to 0.554 between 1980 and 2012, an increase of 61 per cent or an average annual increase of 1.5 per cent.
Click the following links to find the Statistics  and Summary of HDR 2013.
"Human Development Report 2013"
"Human Development Report 2011"

Union Budget 2013 & Economic Survey 2013
India's Finance Minister, P.Chidambaram presented  Union Budget, 2013  aiming at higher growth rate leading to inclusive and sustainable development as its motto on 28th  February, 2013. He had presented the Economic Survey (2012-2013), a day earlier in which he stated that India's Economy is looking up after a period of economic slowdown; and projected India's economy to grow more than 6% in the next FY. Some major highlights of  this years Budget are:
  • Fiscal Deficit for next FY 2013-14 is pegged at 4.8% of GDP;
  • Proposal of 10% surcharge on the super rich in the country—people whose taxable income exceeds Rs 1 crore a year;
  • 46% more allocation for Rural Development Ministry over RE 2012-13;
  • Education gets an increase of 17% over the RE 2012-13;
  • Rs.10,0000 Cr has been earmarked for National Food Security;
  • 24.3% more allocation for NRHM under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare;
  • Nirbhaya Fund to empower women and to keep them safe and secure;
  • Proposal to set up India’s first Women’s Bank as a public sector bank; and
  • Rs. 1,000 crore for skill development of ten lakh youth to enhance their employability and productivity.
Economic Survey 2012-13 :
Union Budget 2013-14 :

Meeting India's skill gap...
Santosh Mehrotra, Ankita Gandhi and Bimal K Sahoo points out that the demographic dividend is available only till about 2040. The objective of the EPW paper is to present the status of the Indian labour force, and to estimate the number of persons required to be skilled by 2022, i e, the end of the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan. Read paper.

Closing of regional gaps between poorer and richer states of India

This ADB Economic Working paper undertakes an empirical quantitative investigation of the system of federal transfer in India. Examining how a “gap filling approach” could contribute to prevent the Indian Transfer system from achieving its main objectives, i.e., the closing of regional gaps between poorer and richer states. Read Paper.
Agricultural Bio-Security Bill, 2013 introduced
The Agricultural Bio-Security Bill, 2013 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on March 11, 2013 by the Minister of Agriculture, Mr. Sharad Pawar. The Bill aims to establish an integrated national bio-security system covering plant, animal and marine issues to combat threats of bio-terrorism from pests and weeds.Read the Bill and Summary.
WHO's South East Asia Region set to be Polio free
On January 2013, India observes another year without reporting a single case of the polio virus for the second time in history. If India manages to continue the same trend till January, 2014, WHO's South East Asia region is to be declared polio free. Read Article here.
Reducing Rural-Urban MDG Gaps
This World Bank working paper is focused on policies aimed at closing gap for one of the MDGs, the under-five mortality rate (U5MR or MDG 4), trying to shed light on what may be required to raise the rural population up to the urban level for this indicator or, more modestly, in terms of the government health services that reach them.Read paper.

Double-cropping revolution in Chattisgarh

ADB supported  Chhattisgarh Irrigation Development Project made double cropping possible in Chattisgarh, which earlier was a mere dream. It has helped farmers from waiting for an uncertain monsoon and a dilapidated irrigation system which no longer was able to hold water for year round wise.Read it here.
TB Programme merged with NRHM 
On March 7, 2013, the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) was merged with the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) by Union Health Ministry. Read details here.

Ways to fight desertification and climate Change

Allan Savory who works to promote holistic management of the World’s Grassland speaks about the ways to fight desertification of the World’s grassland. He now believes -- and his work so far shows -- that a surprising factor can protect grasslands and even reclaim degraded land that was once desert.  Watch his TED video here.
Policies for Food Price stabilization 
This World Bank Working Paper (March, 2013) is an attempt  to provide effective policies for  stabilizing  the food price in Development Countries. When food prices spike in countries with large numbers of poor people, public intervention is essential to alleviate hunger and malnutrition. Read Paper.
Child health Screening Programme launched in India
Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakaram (RBSK),the Child Health Screening and Early Intervention Services Programme was launched in India by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare under NRHM to  improve the overall quality of life of over 27 Crore children (0-18 age group). Read operational guidelines here.
PPP Model for drought affected Kerala
The State Government in Kerala declared its intention to establish a Limited Company  for constructing, developing, maintaining and operating community-based water filtration and drinking water supply schemes across the state. The Company would provide dedicated  small water supply schemes to housing colonies and small communities through decentralized water supply schemes on PPP basis. The State is facing unprecedented drought and was declared drought affected state by the State Government in December last year. Read article here.

7Cs for better communication....

This article illustrates how 7 Cs(clear, concise, concrete, correct, coherent, complete and courteous) for communication are helpful for communicating better.The 7 Cs provide a checklist for making sure that your meetings, emails, conference calls, reports, and presentations are well constructed and clear – so your audience gets your message. Read it here.