MD Writes...

World Environment Day on June 5, gains more and more significance as we see the continuous degradation and misuse of natural resources by man for his apparent progress. Man is working not with nature, but against it. We have situations where we have overcome natural challenges and places and altered natural balances. In sum, we have always fought with nature. May this month make us all the more observant of nature's marvels around us and we may learn to live in harmony with them. See our Wallpaper for this month. - Ashwajit Singh

Editorial

Dear IPEan
Hello. India's fall in GDP growth is understandably creating headlines. But there are several other news worthy of review in the development sector. For instance, an indigenous Rota Virus Vaccine, the first Annual Health Survey of districts, issues in sanitation in India, first-day infant deaths as well as a new nutrition programme launched by the Central Government. But this issue has several inspiring stories as well of the world's youngest headmaster, a gangster's daughter turned teacher and many more.
We hope you Stay Inspired. Stay Ahead!!
- Abdul Rahim & Anindita Roy

 

India's GDP Growth Rate Dips

The Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, has released the provisional estimates of national income , Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the financial-2012-13  both at  constant (2004-05) prices and current prices. The CSO has also released the corresponding annual and quarterly estimates of Expenditure components of the GDP.
As per the latest information (Advance Estimates) of National income for 2012-2013 (at constant 2004-2005 prices), the growth of GDP at factor cost in 2012-13 was 5.0% compared to 6.2% in 2011-12. The sector wise growth rates are given below:
  GDP Growth Rate
Sector 2012-13 2011-12

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing

1.9

3.6
Mining, Quarrying -0.6 -0.6
Manufacturing 1.0 2.7
Electricity, Gas, Water supply 4.2 6.5
Construction 4.3 5.6
Trade, Hotels, Transport, Communication 6.4 7.0
Financing, Insurance, Real Estate, Business Services 8.6 11.7
Community, Social, Personal Services 6.6 6.0

GDP at factor cost

5.0

6.2
This is the lowest growth rate for India in the last decade and although the government was quick to highlight the improvement in fiscal deficit (4.89 per cent of GDP in 2012-13, better than the Budget Estimate of 5.2 per cent) on the back of higher revenue collection and savings in expenditure.
However, concerns continue on the prospects of growth in the Indian economy in 2013-14 especially since the quarterly
GDP growth rate in Jan - March 2013 was only 4.8%.

Annual Health Survey: Data Released

The first ever annual district level health survey was conducted in 2010-11 with the objective to yield benchmarks of core vital and health indicators at the district level and to map changes therein on an annual basis. The survey helps to compare health indicators of select states over two years. Annual Health survey (AHS) is a district-wise database for select states on nine crucial health parameters. The survey contains data for 284 districts of eight Empowered Action Group (EAG) States: Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Rajasthan and Assam. These nine states account for about 50 per cent of the total population, 60 per cent of births, and over 70 per cent infant mortality, under-5 mortality and maternal mortality in the country. They are the high focus states in view of their relatively higher fertility rate as well as mortality.
The AHS was released by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on May 3, 2013. Uttarakhand was the safest state in India for child to be born in, given its relatively low infant mortality rate. Within Uttarakhand, three districts—Pithoragarh, Rudraprayag and Almora—are safest for new borns as they have the lowest Infant Mortality Rate(IMR) ,Neonatal Mortality Rate(NNMR)  and Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR)  , it also as a whole has the lowest Maternal Mortality rate (MMR)too, at 162 per 100,000 live births. It also happens to have the lowest Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) with only 866 girls being born for every 1,000 boys.


Will India miss Sanitation MDG target?
A WHO and the UNICEF report (released in May 2013) says that one-third of the world’s population, 2.4 billion people, will remain without access to improved sanitation in 2015,  It also finds that in India more than the quarter of the population still practice open defecation, although India's neighbour countries have shown significant improvement. Read
Survival opportunities for newborns
India is once again in the limelight for high rate of infant deaths. The country accounts for 29% of global first-day infant deaths i.e. around 309,000 a year. The report by Save the Children says if all newborns in India experienced the same survival opportunities as newborns from the richest Indian families, nearly 360,000 more babies would survive each year.  Read
Understanding India's Unorganised Sector
The transformation of
India's unorganised sector is important to its modernization, growth, and attainment of regional economic equality. This paper documents several key facts about India's unorganized sector in manufacturing and services.Read
The Youngest Headmaster
Babar Ali started a primary school for the poor while at school himself. Called the “youngest headmaster in the world” by BBC, he is an Indian student and teacher from Murshidabad, West Bengal. In 2009, Babar Ali won a prize from CNN IBN for his work and was awarded the NDTV Indian of the year award. Watch his inspiring Talk Courtesy: www.inktalks.com
Ending global poverty by 2030
An international panel, co-chaired by David Cameron, has told the United Nations that the world can – and must – end extreme poverty by 2030. In its report - A New Global Partnership Eradicate Poverty And Transform Economies Through Sustainable Development  the panel proposes 12 measurable goals and 54 targets for the international community to rally around to take action.
Indigenous Rotavirus Vaccine
On 14 May 2013, India unveiled its indigenously developed Rotavirus Vaccine named Rotavac after the Phase-III clinical trial of low cost rotavirus Vaccine. The Rotavac has demonstrated strong efficacy and excellent safety profile; if it gets its approval by the Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) then it will be made available in the market at a rate of  Rs. 54 per dose thereby reducing severe rotavirus diarrhoea by more than half. Read more
New Nutrition Programme Launched
Ministry for Women & Child Development launched the World Bank assisted ICDS Systems Strengthening and Nutrition Improvement Project (ISSNIP) on May 2013.The first phase of the project will support the government’s efforts as well as finance innovative pilots in 162 high malnutrition-burden districts across eight States. Read
Gangland Girl to Star Teacher
Pearl Arredondo  was the daughter of a high-ranking gang member who was in and out of jail. Many teachers wrote her off as having a problem with authority. Now a teacher herself, she’s creating a different kind of school and telling students her story .Watch her speak Courtesy: www.ted.com
DFID's New Evaluation Policy
The DFID Evaluation Policy 2013 replaces the 2009 guidelines and sets down the policy framework for evaluation of DFID's development aid. It includes 'embedding evaluation', 'independent scrutiny' through the Independent Commission for Aid Impact, 'principles of evaluation' and evaluation in 'fragile countries'. Summary
States ban GUTKA
Gutka (Chewing Tobacco) has been banned under the centrally enacted Food Safety and Regulation (Prohibition) Act 2011. Waking up to the threats and consequences of high rate of tobacco consumption in the population, 24 states have (till May 2013) banned Gutkha. In May 2013 itself, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal have implemented the ban.
Greenprinting
The threat of climate change can only be averted with genuine cooperation between traditional and emerging powers. The West, the authors argue, has failed to mitigate global warming, so developing countries will have to take over. Read.
India has also moved ahead and developed the its Framework for Green National Accounts in India.
If the world were 100 people
This edition of Data Card is inspired by the "If the world were 100 people" concept that the website www.100 people.org came up with when the world population reached the seven-billion mark. It is expected to cross nine billion by 2045. Can the planet take the strain? Read this article by R. Suresh. Watch 100 People: A World Protrait
.